Senin, 17 Oktober 2011

Egon Schiele - part 1


After the series on Austrian artist Gustav Klimt, I thought it would be appropriate to look at the work of his famous protégé, Austrian artist Egon Schiele (1890 – 1918). Schiele was born in Tulln on the Danube in 1890, and was a major figurative painter of the early 20th century. His work is noted for its intensity, and the many self-portraits the artist produced. The twisted body shapes and the expressive line that characterize Schiele's paintings and drawings mark the artist as an early exponent of Expressionism.
In 1906, the young Schiele entered the class of Christian Griepenkerl, a painter of portraits and historic events at the Wiener Akademie, who was still rooted very much in the traditional disciplines. The imposed studies there, which Egon Schiele practised only reluctantly, left no significant traces in his personal artistic style. He was rather impressed by the linear, two-dimensional style of Gustav Klimt and the Vienna Secessionists, who spoke out as an artists' group against the stiff academic conventions of the historical school and in favour of a reconciliation of art and life.
After Egon Schiele had more and more acquired the creative principles of Gustav Klimt in an act that can be described as a form of rebellion against the dogmatism of his education, his early withdrawal from the academy in 1909 accelerated his striving for his artistic self-realisation, which was independent of a painting style that celebrated the aesthetics of the beautiful appearance. He joyfully founded the "Neukunstgruppe" and developed a drawing style that intentionally conjured up the impression of fragility and tension.
In an anti-academic and radically subjective manner, Egon Schiele chose perspectives and views in a way that figures, which are only rarely shown head-on or in full length in the picture, appear twisted and deformed by their compositional arrangement. The main motives of these decadently coloured representations are self-portraits and portraits, but also nudes that are distinguished by strongly erotic features. These pictures irritated the conventional perception and therefore became early examples of Viennese expressionism. In 1912, the artist was imprisoned for a short period of time because of his way of painting very young nude models that was thought to be immoral.
Schiele then joined the "Bund Österreichischer Künstler" and worked for the Berlin journal "Die Aktion" in 1913. In the following year he broke off his relationship with Wally Neuziel, whom he had been attached to for four years, and married Edith Harms. When Egon Schiele was a soldier for two years since 1915, he painted only very few pictures. The painter however continued to take part in very many exhibitions like the Wiener Sezessionsausstellung, which became a great success in 1918 showing 50 of his works of art.
Still in the same year Schiele died only shortly after his wife of a pandemic influenza in 1918.
This is the first part of a three-part post on the works of Schiele:

1905 Melon gouache

1906 Winding Brook oil on canvas

1907 Harbour in Trieste pencil and oil on cardboard

1907 House with a Bay Window in the Garden oil on canvas

1907 Trees Mirrored in a Pond oil on cardboard

1907 View into the Apartment of Leopold and Marie Czihaczek oil on cardboard

1907 Village with Mountains oil on paper

1908 Sailing Boat with Reflection in the Water pencil & oil on board

1908-9 Standing Girl in a Plaid Garment charcoal & body colour on paper

1909 Danae oil on canvas

1909 Woman with Black Hat oil on canvas

1910 Field Landscape (aka Kreuzberg near Krumau) black crayon, watercolour & gouache on paper

1910 Field of Flowers black chalk gouache & gold bronze paint on paper

1910 Houses on the Moldau, Krumau pencil, watercolour & gouache on paper

1911 Girl in Blue Dress pencil & watercolour on paper

1911 The Daydreamer (Gerti Schiele) pencil, watercolour & gouache on paper

1911 Two Seated Girls pencil, watercolour & gouache

1911 Self Portrait with Black Vase and Spread Fingers oil on panel

1912 Autumn Sun 1 oil on canvas

1912 Autumn Tree in Movement oil on canvas

1912 Bare Tree behind a Fence oil on panel

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