Jumat, 25 Maret 2011

Willem de Kooning

Willem de Kooning (1904 – 1997) was born in Rotterdam, Holland. He went to the United States in 1926 and settled briefly in Hoboken, New Jersey and worked as a house painter before moving to New York in 1927, where he met Stuart Davis, Arshile Gorky and John Graham. He took various commercial-art and odd jobs until 1935, when he was employed in the mural and easel divisions of the WPA Federal Art Project. Thereafter he painted full-time. In the late 1930s his abstract, as well as figurative work was primarily influenced by the Cubism and Surrealism of Pablo Picasso, and by Gorky, with whom he shared a studio.
In 1938 de Kooning started his first series of Women, which would become a major recurrent theme. During the 1940s he participated in group shows with other artists who would form the New York School and become known as Abstract Expressionists. De Kooning’s first solo show, which took place at the Egan Gallery, New York, in 1948, established his reputation as a major artist; it included a number of the allover black-and-white abstractions he had initiated in 1946. The Women series of the early 1950s was followed by abstract urban landscapes, Parkways, rural landscapes, and, in the 1960s, a new group of Women.
In 1968 de Kooning visited the Netherlands for the first time since 1926 for the opening of his retrospective at the Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam. In Rome in 1969 he executed his first sculptures – figures modeled in clay and later cast in bronze – and in 1970-71 he began a series of life-size figures. In 1974 the Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, organized a show of de Kooning’s drawings and sculpture that traveled throughout the United States, and in 1978 the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, mounted an exhibition of his recent work. In 1979 de Kooning and Eduardo Chillida received the Andrew W. Mellon Prize, which was accompanied by an exhibition at the Museum of Art, Carnegie Institute, Pittsburgh. De Kooning settled in the Springs, East Hampton, Long Island, in 1963. He was honoured with a retrospective at the Museum of Modern Art, New York, in 1997. He died in 1997 on Long Island.

 1942-44 The Wave

 1947 Valentine

 1948 Black Friday

 1948 Painting

 1950 Black and White Abstraction

 1950 Excavation

 1950 Untitled

 1950-52 Woman I

 1953 Woman VI

 1955 Composition

 1956 Saturday Night

 1959 Merritt Parkway

 1960 A Tree in Naples

 1965 Untitled

 1977 East Hampton #4

 1977 Untitled XIX

 1978 Untitled

 1981 Pirate (Untitled II)

 1982 Untitled V

 1985 Rider (Untitled VII)

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